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2020-06-22 Other articles >

Mintmaster (continued part 1)

Historians detect the beginnings of the profession of mintmasters in antiquity. So in Ancient Greece in city-States there was a special controller for applying the mark on the silver coins of your policy, which was especially important for tetradrachms, which actually served the function of international money. Ancient Rome during the Republic established a panel of 3 persons with the functions of mintmaster, and Julius Caesar increased the number to 4-H.
In Russia the appearance of mintmaster obliged to Peter I – in the archives of the Berg-Collegium mentioned mintmaster beer, 'under the supervision' which 'German tool' in St. Petersburg launched the coinage on the European model. In the Table of ranks of 1722 mintmaster related to XII class with the right of the titles 'sir' and was intended to control the redistribution of mints.
In 1733, under the Empress Anna Ivanovna, was approved by the 'instructions for mintmaster', which stressed that 'should he mintmaster to watch not only in acuratete of weight and fineness as the most important thing but that the coins were printed both in person and in the coat of arms properly'.

In other words, mintmaster were required not only to monitor a sample of minted coins, and to prevent the theft of precious metals, but also to monitor the work of the engravers, especially in the images on the coins of the attributes of state power and faces the reigning monarchs, who, as you know, in the eighteenth century were more often female and, presumably, jealously treated in his image disseminated on coins.
As written in the instructions, 'if when opakowanie coins are impure and work in person and in the coat of arms will substantiate or plenary and chips then add the Treasurer to the parish not to give up, and the master not to take a hammer to give iReport packs redistribution'.

Fedor Lesnicov

One of the most famous coins of Catherine II, St. Petersburg coinage - a silver rouble 1773 - bears paws under the stamp of the eagle sign of mintmaster Fedora Lesnikova has already been written in Cyrillic, and even with the use of the letter theta from the Church Slavonic alphabet - L.

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