It all started back in ' 68. Then, elated by the victories, the grandson of a peasant and the son of a horseman, the Consul Titus Flavius Vespasian, having defeated the rebellious Jews, collected taxes from them, and at the same time from the neighbors, returned to Rome. He set out to consolidate his power by proclaiming himself Emperor in 69.
As is often the case, power over the masses can be obtained by a simple scheme, giving them 'bread and circuses'. According to Roman frumentary laws, the ancient Roman people received bread for free (namely, all Roman male citizens older than 10 years, except for the nobility).
With spectacles, however, there was tension in the Empire. With the exception of a large-scale fire that destroyed 10 of the capital's 14 districts in 64, life in Rome became boring. After the suicide of the art lover, tyrant, pervert and initiator of mass executions of Nero, a civil war broke out. But in 69, Vespasian won an undisputed victory. Wanting to destroy the memory of his predecessor, the new Emperor, as usual, began to rebuild the center of the Empire.