Anna Ioanovna had to be widowed quite early - two and a half months after the wedding. It is said that Peter I himself was responsible for the death of the duke, with whom Karl Friedrich had the imprudence to compete in drinking alcohol.
Having lived quite modestly in Courland for 20 years, in 1730 she was invited to the empty Russian throne by members of the Supreme Privy Council. Created in 1726 by Empress Catherine I, the Council acted as the highest advisory body, helping Catherine to solve the most important state issues. It included notable men of the Russian state-Prince Menshikov (before his deposition in 1727), Princes Dolgorukov and Golitsyn. And now they needed an obedient puppet on the throne, which they saw in a modest, vegetating widow, a duchess of royal blood.
However, in this the council miscalculated. Being truly Romanova, Anna Ioannovna wanted more. Supported by the nobles and the guard, on March 1, 1730, it was severely 'torn' The conditions of the Supreme Privy Council and was proclaimed autocrat of Russia. The power of the supreme leaders ended before it had even begun.
Having established herself on the throne, Anna, acting on the principle of 'a new broom sweeps in a new way', took up the reform of the state system. The changes affected the army, the activities of the Senate, the courts, and, of course, the redistribution of budget funds. The latter, of course, was not enough, and among other measures, Anna Ioannovna decided to carry out a monetary reform.
All coins of the Petrine era were withdrawn from circulation. They were replaced by a new coin series, among which were gold chervonets, silver rubles, half-rubles and dimes, as well as copper nickels.
Anna Ioannovna followed the design very strictly. She personally approved the drawings of coin stamps, which were made by hand by the best medallists of Russia and Europe. Like any woman, the Empress wanted to look attractive even on the obverse of coins.
Although according to the available samples, Anna will not be called a beauty. In the performance of Mr. Goedlinger, she looks like a vulgar fat woman,