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2021-08-03 Other articles >

Scales of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov, 1613-1617

'Moscow' – for the first time in full writing on the coins of the first Romanov

Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov was the cousin of the last Rurikovich on the Russian throne – Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich.
The main events in his life occurred during the 3 consecutive July days:
  • July 12 (23), 1596-born
  • July 11 (21), 1613-crowned
  • July 13 (24), 1645-died

Together with his parents, Mikhail Romanov was disgraced under Boris Godunov, which later gave him additional votes at the Zemsky Sobor of 1613 when Mikhail was elected tsar and helped him get ahead of his competitors, including the hero of the militia Prince Dmitry Pozharsky.
The reign of Mikhail Romanov is a kind of temporary respite for the Russian state after the period of Troubles: Moscow and the Kremlin decided on the tsar and, step by step, without sudden movements, restored the ties destroyed by the war in the economy and monetary circulation.
In November 1613, the Moscow Mint resumed its work and until 1618 it minted the Russian coin alone, and the Yaroslavl, Pskov and Novgorod mints that had previously minted coins for the 2nd Zemsky militia were closed.
The minting of the silver kopeck of Tsar Mikhail Romanov coins in Moscow was resumed with a decrease in its standard weight to 0.51 grams against 0.60 grams during the militia, while the silver sample was kept at the level of 960.
My kopeck of the Mikhail Romanov era has the classification number 331 according to the catalog of V. N. Kleshchinov, I. V. Grishin ' Catalog of Russian medieval coins ...'. M, 1998.
On the reverse – the inscription 'Tsar and Grand Duke Mikhail Fedorovich of All Russia'.
On the obverse there is a traditional rider with a spear for a penny. 
And between the legs of the horse for the first time in the minting of Russian coins, the full name of the place of minting is stamped-not the first letters of the city (MO, PS, YAR), but the word Moscow, written in 2 syllables: 'MOS' - at the top, and ' KVA ' - at the bottom.
In the absence of rubles in circulation, which at that time served only as counting money, the ½ - gram kopeck was the largest domestic coin-until the attempt of Mikhail Fedorovich's son, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, to introduce the first Russian ruble into circulation in 1654.
Further history developed according to the saying: 'A penny will lead a ruble, and another ruble will lead'.
'Another ruble' - this is already under the grandson of Mikhail Romanov, Emperor Peter I.

Чешуя царя Михаила Федоровича Романова, 1613-1617 гг.

Клещинов, Гришин 331

Копейка 1613-1617, Русское царство, Михаил Федорович

Country : Русское царство (1547-1721)
Denomination : копейка
Year : 1613-1617
Mint :
Circulation :
Material : Серебро
Weight : 0.51
Diameter :
Alexander R.

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