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2020-09-04 Other articles >

The estimated signs of the collective supply, 1921 - 1922

Money is very simple in design, but very necessary in content

How can banknotes issued by an enterprise be more attractive to the population of a country than nationwide legal tender? They can!
In 1921. The Transcaucasian railway administration issued 'collective supply payment marks' in denominations of 5,000 rubles, 10,000 rubles, 25,000 rubles, 50,000 rubles, and 100,000 rubles.
At the time of issue of settlement marks, the Management of Railways in Transcaucasia addressed and Bons of the Transcaucasian Comissariat (1st Transcaucasian ruble), and gruzbons (Georgia), and azbons (Azerbaijan), and armsovznaks (Armenia), and even sovznaks R. S. F. S. R-there was no shortage of money.
on April 16, 1921, an Agreement was signed on the unification of the Transcaucasian Railways. It is important to understand that at that time, not road transport or aviation, but Railways were the main transport route connecting Tiflis, Yerevan, and Baku both with each other and with the Center of Russia, and it was through Railways that Baku oil and Georgian coal reached Russian enterprises. And people reached the coast of the Black and Caspian sea not by private transport, but by pig iron.
In other words, the demand for railway services was constant – raw materials, industrial products, agriculture, and people needed to be transported back and forth. And you have to pay for these services.
There was an abundance of money issued by national treasuries, but this excess generated already uncontrolled inflation – in each of the States listed above.
But the Transcaucasian railway Administration kept the issue of its 'collective supply payment signs' under control: they were issued to account for goods supplied for the needs of Railways in the form of coupons with tear – off coupons-so that railway workers would not steal.
Naturally, payment signs measuring 7.5 cm x 12 cm could always be presented to pay for the services of the railway itself, which everyone needed. Therefore, they gradually acquired the ability to repeatedly apply as a means of payment – until they got to The management's cash registers, where they were torn off the coupon.
Registration of settlement signs was the simplest: name, nominal value, 2 signatures, serial number; without watermarks and year of issue. However, the money for paint for different denominations was still allocated:
5 000 yellow;
10 000 blue;
25 000 green;
50 000 red;
100 000 – violet color.
In 1923, inspired by the example of their Transcaucasian colleagues, the Commissariat of Railways of the R. S. F. S. R. issued transport certificates that demonstrated stable market quotations in relation to the gold chervonets with rapidly depreciating sovznaks: transport services are in demand in any political orientation.

Расчетные знаки коллективного снабжения 1921 г.- 1922 г.

5 000 рублей 1921 г.

Country : Закавказская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика
Value : 5000 рубль
Year : 1921
Quantity :
Issuer : Управление железных дорог Закавказья
Series :
Valid from :
Valid till :
Cancelled :

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