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2020-09-01 Other articles >

Pyotr Stolypin: turn back history

A brilliant statesman, Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin went down in history as a great reformer of the Russian state. While serving as County leader of the nobles, Governor, Minister of the interior, and finally Prime Minister, Stolypin tried to serve wisely and flexibly, as he himself said, 'in the hope of benefiting our Motherland'.

It is difficult to find such figures today. Power intoxicates and turns the head even morally strong individuals. For Stolypin, it was unnatural and disgusting to use an influential official position for personal purposes. He said that, as soon as he thinks about personal gain, 'hands drop, and the work does not go'.
In his work, Stolypin was guided by common sense, went to the goal, showing firmness and flexibility at the same time. Such qualities were inherent in Pyotr Stolypin from a young age, when he, as a student of St. Petersburg University, mastered the basics of polemics, logic and natural Sciences. At the exam, which was taken by Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev, Stolypin's answer turned into a fascinating conversation, at the end of which the great scientist gave a rating of 'five, great!'.
Stolypin's reforms touched on key areas of Russian society. He tried to solve such 'eternal' issues that his predecessors tried to ignore: the Jewish question, increased control over the Grand Duchy of Finland, access to education for the General population, and, of course, the agrarian question.

Historians do not have a clear opinion on the latter: some admire Stolypin's reforms, while others believe that they were initially doomed to failure. However, as a result, the peasantry (which at that time was the predominant majority of the Russian population) gained an unprecedented opportunity to obtain loans from the Peasant Bank for the purchase of land, freely leave the community and become sole owners of land plots.
Of course, such shocks to economic and social life could not be forgiven by Stolypin. Nobles-for encroaching on the most 'sacred' - the right of landowner land ownership, revolutionaries - for the harsh suppression of unrest in Russia. According to the Prime Minister, the success of his reforms required 'twenty years of peace'. However, Stolypin's Premiership took place during a very difficult and disturbing period of time, when Russia was burning in the fire of the revolution. And there was no time left at all...

on September 14, 1911, Pyotr Stolypin's life was cut short by the shots of the socialist-revolutionary terrorist Bogrov. At the age of 49, many initiatives that could radically affect the future of Russia remain incomplete.
A true patriot, family man, father and loving husband, Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin is a model of a statesman. Competence, self-discipline, consistency, and demands on himself and others - these qualities make him admired, but at the same time, they have made him many enemies.

The words of Pyotr Arkadyevich sound prophetic: 'in the second Millennium of its life, Russia will not fall apart, but will renew itself, improve its way of life, and move forward'. I really want to believe that he was not mistaken, and 'ignorance, laziness and drunkenness' will not be able to turn our great history back!
Descendants remember the revolutionary Prime Minister with gratitude. For the 150th anniversary, the MMD minted 5,000 silver coins with a portrait of Pyotr Stolypin, who left such a deep mark on Russian history. The coin weighs 17 g, the issue quality is Proof, and its nominal value is 2 rubles.
In the same year, 2012, the Russian post issued a commemorative stamp, which depicts Stolypin against the background of state symbols and the Palace square of St. Petersburg. The portrait was made by F. Sukhinin. The nominal value of the stamp is 15 rubles, and the circulation was 378 thousand copies.
There was also an original coupling with a quote of an outstanding statesman, consisting of three stamps, and an envelope of the first day with a special cancellation, which was held in St. Petersburg.
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