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2020-11-17 Other articles >

Money of the Turkestan region

on yellow paper, like the sand dunes in Karakum

Turkbons is the name of a monetary unit that was used on the territory of the Turkestan territory in 1919-1921.
The appearance of turkbon was greatly influenced by statesmen who somewhat resemble javdet from the film 'White sun of the desert': He did a lot to tie the plot of the film - he killed said's father, took 4 sheep, buried said himself, but did not appear in front of moviegoers either in Pagent or at the Dry Stream.

The October revolution of 1917 brought to Turkestan among other things is also a shortage of cash: if in the territory of former Turkestan General-governorship to the lack of money complained to the poorest segments of the population, after October 1917 rubles was missed by all, especially rubles small value deposits in banks issued according to receipt of bills of that denomination, and for the exchange of 1 000 ruble banknote intermediaries took 150-200 rubles.
On February 19, 1918, without waiting for help from Moscow's class struggle comrades, the Commissars who came to power in Tashkent decided to issue 15 million rubles worth of 'exchange notes' of different denominations at their own risk. But 15 million rubles was not enough for long.

On April 30, 1918, in connection with the proclamation of the Turkestan Soviet Federal Republic as part of the Russian Soviet Federation, the territory of the former Turkestan territory was officially placed under the care of the Council of people's Commissars of the Russian Federation.

September 3, 1918 The Council of people's Commissars of the RSFSR gave the go-ahead-allowed the issue of banknotes for the Turkestan region in the amount of up to 200 million rubles, and on September 17 increased the amount of issue to 500,000 million rubles – what's there to be trifled with.
Since the new money was issued with the permission of Moscow itself, then it was no longer appropriate for them to be called 'change money': the money issued by the People's Bank of Tashkent was named on the front side of the bill as 'credit cards', although with the proviso 'temporary', presumably - until the victory of the world revolution. The people are called turkbey: revolution introduced the fashion for abbreviations.

Turkbey had the following denominations are growing as the release of tickets:
•  50 kopecks: without a year;
1918: 1 ruble, 3 rubles, 5 rubles, 10 rubles, 25 rubles, 50 rubles,100 rubles;
1919: 50 rubles, 100 rubles rubles, 250 rubles, 500 rubles;
1920: 1,000 rubles, 5,000 rubles, 10,000 rubles.

Turkbons were 'provided with all the property of the Russian Republic' also for the reason that the gold reserve of Turkestan itself – gold and jewelry worth 2 million rubles and 50 thousand rubles in gold coin-was stolen in January 1919 by the military Commissar of the Republic, the Bolshevik Konstantin Osipov during the Tashkent mutiny.
The rebels were chased as unsuccessfully as said pursued Javdet: Osipov first took refuge with the gold from the Emir of Bukhara, and then, according to rumors, crossed the Afghan border. The Bolsheviks spread rumors that 'Osipov was passed through the sand' (i.e., killed), but apparently the monetary gold of the Turkestan region also leaked through the same sand.

Tukbons were used in Turkestan until 1921: from January 1, 1921 to March 31, 1921, they were exchanged for sovznaks at the rate of 10 rubles in turkbons = 1 ruble in sovznaks.
There are 4 varieties of turkbon with a nominal value of 1,000 rubles issued in 1920:
• with watermarks - linked stars and mushrooms;
without watermarks – thin and thick paper.

In the structure of the paper on which my turkbona BK 9497 with a face value of 1,000 rubles is printed, elements of a non-uniform structure are visible on the lumen, which can be identified as watermarks if desired, but they are unlike stars and mushrooms.


1000 рублей 1920 г.

Country : Р.С.Ф.С.Р.
Value : 1000 рубль
Year : 1920
Quantity :
Issuer : Народный банк г. Ташкент Туркестанского края
Series :
Valid from :
Valid till :
Cancelled :
Alexander R.

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