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2021-04-22 Other articles >

Don Rubles (part 5)

5 000 rubles of the sample of 1919-printed in Feodosia

5 000 Don rubles – the largest of the denominations of the Don currency, and this bill is traditionally the largest – 226 mm x 115 mm, although it is inferior in size to the Nikolaev 'Petenka'.
The military failures of the VSYUR created great problems for the printing of the Don rubles:In December 1919, the Volunteer Army was driven out of Rostov-on-Don, in April 1920 - from Novorossiysk.
The last printing house that could still print money for the white movement on the territory of the Crimea was the department of Temporary Procurement of State Papers in Feodosia, which was urgently opened in April 1920 by order of the leadership of the VSSYUR.
The choice of Feodosia was not accidental: a port city, with a railway, as well as the presence of an enterprise that previously printed banknotes for the regional government of the Crimea-the type-lithography of Zvenigorodsky.
5 000 Don rubles continued the series called 'The March on Moscow', although by that time the name had already lost its relevance. 
On the back of the bill there is an image of the allegory of VSYUR-a knight in armor-with the inscription on the shield: 'Russia is One Great Indivisible'. The Knight tries to kill a snake with a spear, which is clearly of the Bolshevik breed, but he does it in a detached way-without even looking at the snake.
In the manufacture of the five - thousandth bill, English paper with a watermark 'mosaic' was used-a pattern of flowers with 4 petals in a circle, the unused stock of which the whites managed to take out during the evacuation from Novorossiysk.
The numbering of the Feodosian banknotes begins at the end of the alphabet-with the YAA-001 series; then there were YAB, as on my YAB 078 bill; then-YAV and YAG.
What does the letter I have to do with it? The fact is that the word Theodosia in the old spelling began with the letter 'Fita'. And in order not to confuse the letter 'Fita 'with the similar letter' O ' and not to associate it with Odessa, where the tickets of the State Treasury of the Main Command of the VSSUR were printed, they decided to use not the first letter in the word FeodosiA, but the last one for the numbering of banknotes.
On November 14, 1920, the Red troops under the command of M. V. Frunze took Feodosia, and the printing of Don rubles of all denominations ceased forever.
The cessation of printing was followed by the withdrawal of the Don currency from circulation throughout the country of the Soviets-from 1921 everywhere.
But during the period of the highest military successes of the white movement, these banknotes, which did not have a gold content, were accepted far beyond the Don region - from Bessarabia in the east to Turkestan in the west, from Georgia in the south to Kursk and Orel in the north, and they were even quoted on the stock exchange in Constantinople.

Донские рубли

5 000 рублей 1919 г., Россия

Country : Россия
Denomination : 5000 рубль
Year : 1919
Quantity :
Issuer : Ростовская н/Д Контора Государственного Банка
Series :
Valid from :
Valid till :
Cancelled :
Alexander R.

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